what is the diff between a re agent and a broker?


Real estate agents and brokers are both licensed professionals in the real estate industry, but they have different roles and responsibilities. Here’s a breakdown of the key differences between them:

Licensing and Education:

  • Real Estate Agent: An individual who has completed the required real estate courses and passed a state licensing exam. Real estate agents must work under a broker and cannot operate independently.
  • Broker: A broker has taken additional education beyond the agent level and has passed a broker’s license exam. Brokers can work independently, start their own brokerage, and hire agents to work for them.


  • Real Estate Agent: Their main role is to assist clients in buying, selling, or renting properties. They handle tasks like listing homes, showing properties, submitting offers, and assisting with negotiations and paperwork under the guidance of a broker.
  • Broker: Brokers can perform all the tasks of an agent, but they also have additional responsibilities like managing their brokerage, overseeing transactions, ensuring legal and ethical practices, and providing training and support to their agents.


  • Real Estate Agent: Typically, agents are either new to the industry or choose to remain as agents without pursuing a broker’s license.
  • Broker: Brokers often have more experience in the real estate industry. This experience, combined with additional education, qualifies them to manage a real estate office.

Types of Brokers:

  • Managing Broker: Actively manages a brokerage office, supervises agents, and handles administrative tasks.
  • Associate Broker: Holds a broker’s license but chooses to work under another broker.
  • Principal/Designated Broker: Responsible for overseeing all agents in a brokerage and ensuring legal compliance.


  • Real Estate Agent: Typically earns a commission on sales and rentals, which is often shared with their broker.
  • Broker: Receives a portion of the commissions earned by the agents working for them and may also earn commissions from their own deals.

In essence, the primary difference lies in the level of responsibility and the capacity to manage and oversee a real estate business. All brokers can be agents, but not all agents can be brokers without further education and licensing.